During the 1700s, an intellectual movement began in France and spread throughout Western Europe and into the English colonies in the New World. This movement encouraged its followers to use the human power of reason and logic to understand both the natural world and people's interactions with one another.

An Overview of the Enlightenment

Cesare Beccaria


Emmanuel Kant

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Adam Smith


Mary Wollstonecraft

John Locke